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Exploring MEAN Stack Development and Reasons to Use It

Alekh Verma | February 9, 2023
MEAN stack

It is difficult to create a mobile or web application, and every developer wants the greatest outcomes right away. However, a strong backend built with the appropriate tools can shorten the development process and enable resource optimization. This may also aid in the creation of cutting-edge online and mobile applications. MEAN stack development is one of the technologies that developers are currently combining to achieve effective results for mobile and web app development.

One of the open-source development frameworks with the quickest growth, Mean Stack helps programmers create sophisticated web apps quickly and effortlessly. It is also well-liked among developers due to its capacity for creativity in web development.

You must now be wondering what MEAN stack is and why it is so well-liked.

What is MEAN stack?

The open-source, JavaScript-based MEAN stack, sometimes referred to as MEAN.js, is a group of tools that has revolutionized how programmers create web and mobile applications.

MEAN is an acronym that stands for-

  • MongoDB
  • Express
  • Angular
  • Node.JS

A collection of different technologies called Mean.js can be used to create dynamic websites and online applications. MongoDB is utilized as the database system, Express.js is used as the back-end web framework, node.js is used as the web server, and Angular.js is used as the front-end framework in a web application developed with Mean.js.

A MEAN stack programmer would be an expert in one or more of these fields. The phrase "MEAN stack development" offers a methodical process that incorporates these elements. ExpressJS, AngularJS, NodeJS, and MongoDB JS-based software developers are comparable to MEAN stack programmers.

Exploring Each MEAN Stack Component

1.  MongoDB

The database used in web development is called MongoDB. It is a NoSQL database, which is a type of document-oriented, non-relational database management system. It saves the data in the form of documents because it is a database management system that is focused on papers. In contrast to MongoDB, a NoSQL database, which employs the BSON language to query the database, SQL databases use the SQL query language to do so. JSON is a text-based format; however, it is slow and takes up a lot of room. BSON was created to improve the speed and space efficiency of MongoDB. BSON essentially stores the JSON format in a binary form that reduces complexity, speed, and storage requirements.

2.  Express.js

Express.js is a back-end web application framework that is available for free and open source. It is frequently utilized in well-liked development stacks, such as MEAN and a MongoDB database. TJ Holowaychuk created Express.js. Let’s explore some benefits of express.js-

  • The software is straightforward and portable. Installing it on the computer and starting the application does not require much effort.
  • As we can see, it offers the versatility we need and is simple to design and configure.
  • Express.js is is a superior alternative for establishing the API when the application needs a variety of APIs to communicate with different users.

3.  Angular.js

A JavaScript framework called Angular.js is used to create web applications. Google is the company that developed this framework. Now that there are numerous JavaScript frameworks on the market, a question emerges- Why do we favor Angular.js over the competition when creating web applications? Let’s explore why.

  • Since it is a two-way data binding, the model and view are always up to date. The view will automatically update following any model modifications.
  • Testing is a key consideration in the design of Angular.js. The angular.js application's components can be tested using both unit testing and end-to-end testing.
  • It is simple to create the application using an MVC architecture with Angular.js.

4.  Node.js

JavaScript code can be executed in a runtime environment thanks to the open-source framework Node.js. It is primarily utilized while creating back-end applications. Since there are two different sorts of apps—web apps and mobile apps, for example—which run on different platforms—mobile devices and online browsers, respectively. The client apps with which the user interacts include both web apps and mobile apps. These apps must exchange information with the backend services to store data, send emails, and deliver push notifications. Building massively scalable, data-intensive, and real-time applications are best done on the Node.js framework. It can be applied to highly scalable services and agile development. For instance, PayPal is a Java and Spring-based Node.js application.

Let’s explore some benefits of Node.js-

  • Node.js apps are quicker than those built using other frameworks and may be developed by fewer people.
  • Fewer lines of code are needed.
  • The Node app responds 35% more quickly than the other apps.
  • The fact that node.js uses JavaScript is its main benefit. If you are a front-end developer, moving from front-end to full-stack development will be simple for you.

Benefits of MEAN Stack

An open-source web stack called MEAN is mostly employed to build cloud-hosted apps. Applications built using the MEAN stack are scalable, adaptable, and flexible, which makes them ideal for hosting in the cloud. The stack comes with its web server, making deployment simple, and the database may be expanded on demand to handle brief surges in consumption. A MEAN application enters the world ready to benefit from all the cloud's cost reductions and performance enhancements.

For many years, JavaScript has been a preferred language for front-end web development because it is adaptable, dynamic, and simple to use. However, for a few years, it has only been a choice for backend and database development, allowing programmers to build complete apps using JavaScript. Your development teams can operate more efficiently since MEAN employs the same language throughout. MEAN does away with the requirement that each component of an application is developed by a different professional. Instead, you can make use of a single pool of JavaScript developers to respond quickly to changing circumstances. The potential to reuse code throughout the entire program is another benefit of standardizing JavaScript, preventing needless innovation.

MEAN Stack Use Cases

The MEAN stack excels in many applications, even though it isn't ideal for all of them. It is a good option for creating cloud-native applications because of its scalability and capacity for handling multiple concurrent users. It is also perfect for creating single-page applications (SPAs) that provide all information and functionality on a single page thanks to the AngularJS frontend framework. Here are a few MEAN usage examples- Calendars, News aggregation, expense tracking, etc.

Reasons Why Developers Must Use MEAN Stack Development

  • Budget-friendly due to Low Development Costs.

A free-to-use set of features make up the open-source, full-stack JavaScript framework known as MEAN.JS. As a result, using this framework results in lower costs and expenses across the entire development process for any project. Additionally, JavaScript helps developers by providing code-sharing features that instantly reduce the overall development time and expense.

  • Offers high efficiency and flexibility.

The MEAN stack is a very adaptable framework that makes it easy for users to create and test their applications on a cloud platform. To be more specific, it has an advantage over many other technologies and provides efficiency. One of the most widely utilized languages in the development process is JavaScript, which makes it simple for the entire team to jump between activities and resolve issues.

  • Offers isomorphic coding.

Code that can be executed on both the client and server ends is referred to as isomorphic code. MEAN stack app development makes it simple to move scripts from one framework to another and reuse them. As a result, it guarantees that the codes are flawless on all other platforms. Additionally, it offers SEO, which raises your website's rankings. Additionally, it provides a feature called code maintainability, which lessens code liability and helps developers save time. Because it guarantees the reusability of native code, employing the MEAN stack framework is known to provide several benefits.

  • Use of JavaScript throughout the process.

A PHP server is used to code the entire application when programmers are working on the MEAN stack framework. The backend of your program, which is compatible with both Windows and Linux Operating Systems, uses JavaScript and MySQL to create database queries. High-level, multi-paradigm JavaScript is a key component of managing and recovering data. All things considered, it is a very developer-friendly framework that helps the entire MEAN Stack development team by enabling quicker backend replies and ongoing application improvement over time.

  • The quickest approach to develop MVP.

MVP, which stands for Minimum Viable Project, is a preliminary set of features that the majority of customers have requested. Large libraries, reusable modules, and additional frameworks found in the MEAN stack enable businesses to reach MVP as quickly as possible. They thus provide a strong platform on which to create exceptional software and websites. This lessens the workload on the MEAN stack developers and saves them time and effort.

  • Adaptable architecture with MongoDB.

The most often used option for data representation in a database management system for large-scale applications and websites is MongoDB. Because it includes a JSON document that arranges all of the data, it is quite effective at managing large amounts of data. According to DB Engines Ratings, MongoDB is one of the top 5 databases in the world. The framework as a whole is founded on the idea of object-oriented programming, which simplifies and streamlines the process. The auto-sharing functionality in MongoDB enables horizontal scalability to be automated and enables the server to store and distribute bigger amounts of data without any interruption.

  • JavaScript object notation (JSON) is present.

One of the best features of MEAN Stack is JSON, which makes it easier for data to move smoothly between the framework's levels when web developers utilize MongoDB or AngularJS. 615 well-known websites all over India use JSON to access data, according to a recent survey. MongoDB stores all of its data in the JSON format, which offers isomorphic coding properties and helps developers save time. As a result, it provides the option to import data from MySQL with the aid of functions, codes, and processing.

  • Massive libraries.

A large collection of JavaScript Modules is included in the MEAN Stack Development Server Provider, which is very helpful to developers. These libraries provide pre-defined outputs, which saves developers from having to write extensive code to get certain outputs. These libraries ensure that the entire piece of code is correct while being extremely quick. Overall, libraries reduce the developer's labor costs and quicken the overall development cycle.  

  • Availability of Node.JS

Unlike the backend of conventional web applications, NodeJS Development offers extendable support for coding the backend of your program. This technique employs web sockets to transport data and information to the client's end without requesting it, and it runs on a non-blocking input-output terminal. NodeJS is used by 85% of software engineers to construct websites since it costs 58% less, according to recent surveys. The quick-catching feature of this runtime environment reduces loading time, which benefits cross-functional teams. As a result, it raises the application's total performance and cost.

  • Numerous Talents.

According to Stack Overflow's annual reports, JavaScript is one of the most frequently used programming languages worldwide. This helps developers all across the world and contributes to the evaluation of development organizations. Additionally, there are professionals all over the world that are committed to answering the questions of other medium-stack web developers.

  • Offers compatibility with the cloud.

During the web development process, the MEAN stack framework makes use of library functions, modules, and numerous open repositories. This is a very practical and cost-effective feature because it lowers the amount of storage space used and the price of buying these gadgets. To be more explicit, it enables programmers to produce dependable cloud apps that are saved using the MongoDB database management system.

  • Outstanding performance.

NodeJS is the main element to provide outstanding performances in the full MEAN stack for the development framework. With its high-end outcomes, it helps in the creation of dynamic websites and applications. NodeJS is simpler to grasp and comprehend than other programming languages like Ruby, Python, and PHP and produces superior outcomes.


These are some of the main reasons why MEAN Stack is the ideal platform for developing dynamic, exceptional, and highly rated-online apps. Above all, the Mean Stack developers provide full-stack development with their state-of-the-art cloud assistance. Most well-known sites, like Amazon, Netflix, PayPal, LinkedIn, and Uber use Mean development.

It takes a lot of work to become a Mean Stack Programmer, which is in high demand. As a result, you'll be a skilled programmer of the MEAN stack if you're prepared to work on a wide range of abilities and possess knowledge of numerous high-level programming languages and applications. 

Alekh Verma

CEO and Founder at eSearch Logix Technologies!

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